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HOW TO LET YOUR PROPERTY

There are various circumstances in which letting out your property, or part of it, will suit your current needs. It may be that you have inherited a property you do not immediately want to sell. Maybe you have a second home that is not being fully utilised and could make you some money from rental. Perhaps you have been posted abroad in your work and want someone to sit in the property while you are away. Or maybe you want to let a room in your property while you are also living there to generate some extra cash and help pay the mortgage.

Getting Started


  1. Finance.

    It is imperative that you check with your mortgage lender before letting your property. Write and tell them that you want to sub-let your property. If you do not get their written permission then you could be in breach or your mortgage.

  2. Check your Lease.

    If you live in a leasehold property, you will need to check your lease to make sure that you are not breaching its terms by letting your property. There may be fees involved in granting consents. Special conditions may be involved and it will be up to you to make sure your tenant and lettings agent is aware of these.

  3. Insurance.

    Your current building and contents policy will probably not be suitable for application in the lettings market. Tenants are perceived to be more careless than an owner/occupier so you will probably be facing an increase in your premium to cover damage.

Your Responsibilities as a Landlord


Before a letting agent will begin to act on your behalf, you must normally enter into a legally binding agreement which places a number of responsibilities on you.

These will include:
  • a) Preparing the property to let by cleaning, tidying, fixing appliances and removing any articles that are not to be used in the property.
  • b) Providing keys to agent and tenant.
  • c) Providing building, contents and liability insurance.
  • d) Ensuring the upkeep of the fabric of the property.
  • e) Repair of utilities such as plumbing, electricity and heating.
  • f) Arranging for final gas, electricity or telephone bills to be sent to the current tenants' forwarding address prior to vacating the property to let.
  • g) Keeping the structure of the property insured for full the reinstatement value (including fixtures, furnishings and other contents where appropriate).
  • h) Ensuring that all furniture, furnishings, appliances and apparatus left in the property comply with the appropriate health and safety regulations.
  • i) Provide a landlord's gas safety check certificate for the property and leave a copy with each tenant and the lettings agent.
  • Legal Responsibilities


    Landlords must ensure the safety and maintenance of rented property and their contents so that no injury or damage is caused to the occupants, neighbours or the public. Fulfilling your responsibilities as a landlord during a tenancy can be very time consuming, so you could consider employing a property management company to fulfil these duties on your behalf.

    Under the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985, you have three main areas of responsibility when your property is let under an assured shorthold tenancy:

    1. Structure
    2. Landlords are obligated to keep the structure and exterior of the property in good repair. Tenants must not be charged separately for this work although provision for the cost can be incorporated in the rental price. They are responsible for ensuring that the following items and areas are safe and fit for use, as well as making repairs where necessary. * The structure and exterior of the property. * Hot water installations, as well as the supply of water itself. * Basins, sinks, baths and other sanitary or drainage installations. * Ensuring an adequate provision of lighting, heating and ventilation. * The treatment of any health-threatening damp. * Anything else that you mutually agree with the tenant in the tenancy agreement.

       

    3. Gas Safety

      The Gas Safety (Installation and Use) Regulations 1994 place a number of responsibilities on landlords of private residential accommodation. This includes ensuring that all gas appliances are maintained and in good order; paying for an annual safety check to be carried out by a tradesman who is registered with CORGI (Council for Registered Gas Installers); keeping a record of all the safety checks and giving a copy of the safety certificate to the tenant within 28 days of each annual check. You must also ensure that the electrical system and any electrical appliances that you supply such as cookers, kettles, toasters, washing machines and immersion heater are safe to use. However, you are not responsible for any appliances that the tenant is entitled to take at the end of the tenancy.

    4. Fire Safety of Furnishings

      You must be able to verify that any furniture and fittings that you supply adhere to the standards set out in the Furniture and Furnishings (Fire) (Safety) Regulations 1988 which set levels of fire resistance for domestic upholstered furniture. All new and second hand furniture must meet the standards, unless it was made before 1950. Most furniture and fittings covered by these regulations will have a label on if it meets the standards. The only circumstances where these regulations may not apply is where you are letting on a temporary basis whilst working away from home.

    Landlord's Rights


    You or your agent are allowed access to the property for two main purposes, both of which are usually detailed in the tenancy agreement.

    These are to conduct visual reports in order to monitor its condition and ensure that tenants are abiding by the terms of their agreement and to show the property to prospective tenants when the current tenants are moving out. In both cases, 24 hours' notice to tenants is usually required.

    Under the Rent Act of 1977, you have the right to seek possession of your property under any of 17 assorted legal grounds. You cannot evict the tenant without a possession order from the court.

    Let To Buy


    Let to buy is a relatively new phenomenon where you buy a new home and let your old one. As long as the rental income on your existing property will pay your old mortgage, lenders who offer this type of loan will usually offer you a mortgage for the new property based on the normal income multiples, even though you already have an existing property. This means that you end up with two mortgages at normal owner-occupier rates, therefore avoiding the slightly more expensive buy-to-let mortgages.

    This is worth investigating if you are downsizing or if you want to move away from an area for a period of time, but not give up the property. It may be a home that has been in the family for a long time, or you may have a particular affinity for an area. You no longer want to live in the property, but nor do you want to lose it for good, either. In such circumstances let to buy can be a good option. You get the benefit of retaining your asset, whilst someone else pays the mortgage for you, as well as having money left over.

    Buy To Let

    An increasingly popular investment where you buy a property specifically to let it to other people such as students, key workers and people who either don't want the responsibility of owning their own home or who cannot afford it.

    Buy to let requires special knowledge of the marketplace, mortgage products and insurance options that are open to you. A property investment adviser can help you arrange your mortgage, explain and discuss the different choices you face and how suitable they are for you, get quotations and push through the fulfilment on your behalf. Having someone take care of your mortgage application for you, filling out all the forms, liaising with the lender and going on to complete the process, can be a real relief for some people.

    Whatever your objectives (to receive an income, invest for the future), the success of residential property investment depends on consistent high demand from tenants and maximisation of possible rental yields Choose your buy to let property with care, taking the time to research and understand the local demand characteristics and how the market is likely to change over time. You must ensure that your property is in the right location for your target market and furnished to a standard that is more than adequate for the type of tenant you are looking to serve.

    Always look at the investment through the eyes of a local lettings agent to assess suitability, even if you live locally to the area in which you are considering buying an investment property. They will help advise on the property type, location, decoration, furnishing, fixtures and fittings that will be required by prospective tenants. Remember that buying an investment property is a business proposition, so you should not let your personal tastes cloud your judgement.

    Tenants that are disrespectful to your property and leave it like a rubbish tip, contractors that do shoddy work an overcharge you for it, lots of paperwork, stress, huge time demands, all sorts of insurance expenses and no small amount of risk. Buying a property to let has the potential to include all of these problems as part of the package, so it is definitely not for everyone.

    Over the long term, property is almost always an improving asset. Unless you buy at an overly inflated price, let the place fall into disrepair, or some kind of disaster besets the structure. Then you should eventually end up with an asset worth considerably more than you paid for it.

    If you decide to invest in a property for letting purposes, you should consider the following points which will help you maximise your income:

    1. Transport - is the area well served by a variety of local and national transport networks? If not, is there something planned for the future?
    2. Safety - is it a crime hotspot and is there a neighbourhood watch scheme?
    3. Amenities - is the property within easy reach of shops, schools, colleges, sports facilities, restaurants, pubs and cafes? Is this balanced with public parks and other green spaces?
    4. Environment - does the exterior of the property look good and fit with others in the street? Is it near an airport or sewage farm? Does it back onto a railway line? Is it overlooked by pylons or mobile phone masts?
    5. Neighbours - no one wants to live next door to noisy neighbours and barking dogs. find out what people who live locally are like and make sure they fit the same profile of the people you want to rent your house to - professionals, families, students.

    If you choose your property and your tenants carefully, you are most of the way towards becoming a successful landlord.

    Furnishings


    We recommended that you leave only minimum furnishings and these should be of reasonable quality. It is preferable that items to be left are in the property during viewings. Unfurnished We recommend that the property contains: Carpets, curtains, and a cooker. Furnished We recommend that the property contains: Lounge – 3 piece suite, TV unit Kitchen – Cooker, fridge freezer, washing machine, kettle, crockery, cutlery, pots & pans. Dining Room – Dining table and chairs Bedroom/s – Bed, chest of drawers and wardrobe. Miscellaneous – Lampshades, iron, iron board, vacuum cleaner, dust pan and brush, mop and bucket, garden tools, carpets & curtains. Due to hygeine reasons we recommend that no bedding or towels are left in property.